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Multiplication

  • Pre-School
  • Reception
  • Year 1
  • Year 2
  • Year 3
  • Year 4
  • Year 5
  • Year 6
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Sorry, there is nothing on this subject at this level.

Year 1

Multiplying

Multiplying is repeated addition. The sum 10 multiply by 4 can be written as:

10 x 4 = 40

It is also the same as:

10 + 10 + 10 + 10 = 40

Multiplication word problems
Work out these multiplication word problems using repeated addition.

Working out multiplication sums

To work out a multiplication sum first find the number you can count in.

10 x 3

Counting in tens

Lets count in tens as this is the easiest. Now count in tens using three fingers on your hand. What have we got to?
                
Yes, the answer is 30.

10 x 3 = 30


Multiplication words

You will hear words such as multiply or times. These both mean 'x'. The sums below all mean the same thing.

2 multiply by 4 equals 8
2 times by 4 equals 8
2 x 4 = 8

Times tables

Learning the times tables will help with multiplication sums. In Year 1 start by learning the 10 times tables and the 5. Visit our times tables page.

Multiplication games

Camel Times TablesCamel Times Tables
Test your Times Tables.
Amoeba multiplication gameMultiplication.com
Use these games to practice your times table skills.
Fun 4 the brainFun 4 the brain
Use these games to practice your multiplication skills.

Year 2

Multiplying sums

A multiplication sum can be done any way round.

3 x 2 will give the same answer as 2 x 3

You can either count in the 3 times table 2 times, or in the two times table 3 times.

Using a number line

A number line can be used in multiplication sums.

2 x 5 can be drawn on a number line in 5 jumps of 2.

Number Line

Multiplying using a number line
Write out the multiplication sum from what you see on the number line.

Learning times tables

Learning the times tables will help with multiplication sums. In Year 2 learn the 2 times tables and the 3. Visit our times tables page.

 

Multiplication games

Camel Times TablesCamel Times Tables
Test your Times Tables.
Stun attackStun attack
Use your mouse to hit the frog with the correct answer to the problem shown. Hurry or they will hide again!
Amoeba multiplication gameMultiplication.com
Use these games to practice your times table skills.
Fun 4 the brainFun 4 the brain
Use these games to practice your multiplication skills.

Year 3

Multiplication facts

Multiplication is a reverse of division. This means by rearranging the numbers around in the right way from a multiplication sum you can make a correct division sum.

3 x 4 = 12

If we move the three to the other side of the equals sign and add a ÷ sign we have:

            4 = 12 ÷ 3

It works by moving the 4 instead.

            3 = 12 ÷ 4

Number JumblerMissing Signs
Enter the correct operation to complete the sum.
Select Missing Signs x ÷ when you start the game.

More Multiplication facts

Use these multiplication facts to help you work out other multiplication questions.

If you know that 4 x 5 = 20

Then 4 x 6 is 4 more = 24

---------------

If you know that 2 x 4 = 8

Then 4 x 4 is double 8 = 16

---------------

If you know that 10 x 3 = 30

Then 9 x 3 is 3 less = 27

Multiplication challenge
Use your multiplication facts that you know to work out these questions.

Multiplying using a grid

You can use a multiplication grid to find out the answers to the sums.

To work out what 6 x 4 is on the grid. Find 6 along the top and 4 down the side. Where the column and row meet is the answer.

Multiplication grid

Multiplication grid
Print out the multiplication grid.

Learning times tables

Learning the times tables will help with multiplication sums. In Year 3 start by learning the 4 times tables, 6 and the 7. Visit our times tables page.

Multiplication games

Multiplication.comMultiplication.com
Use these games to practice your times table skills.
Fun 4 the brainFun 4 the brain
Use these games to practice your multiplication skills.
Cross the swampCross the swamp
Help little Ron move from log to log by working out which operation to use and the correct number to complete the sum. This game uses Multiplication & Division.
Learn your tablesBubble Times
Test your multiplication skills and see which tables you need to brush up on.

Year 4

Multiplying by tens, hundreds and thousands

To times by ten you add a '0' from the 10 to the number your are multiplying it by to get the answer.

5 x 10 = 50

To times by one hundred you add two '0' from the 100 to the number you are multiplying it by to get the answer.

3 x 100 = 300

To times by one thousand you add three '0' from the 1000 to the number you are multiplying it by to get the answer.

6 x 1000 = 6000

You can now work out any sum which is multiplied by 10, 100 or 1000.

56 x 100 = 5600

Here you just at two '0' from the 100 to 56 to get the correct answer.

Multiplying by the grid method

To work out 45 x 5 break the 2-digit number up and multiply by them by the other number.

40 x 5 = 200

2 x 5 = 10

Add the answers together.

200 + 10 = 210

So

42 x 5 = 210

If you have a bigger numbers split them into a table to work out the answer. Try 52 x 13.

x 50 2
10 500 20
3 150 6

Now add the columns together

x 50 2
10 500 20
3 150 6
  650 26

Now add up the two number in red.

650 + 26 = 676

So

52 x 13 = 676

Amoeba multiplication gameThe amoeba multiplication game
This game will help you practice multiplication by splitting numbers.
Select Level A - Beginner.

Learning times tables

Learning the times tables will help with multiplication sums. In Year 4 start by learning the 8 times tables and the 9. Visit our times tables page.

Multiplication games

Conveyor belt multiplicationConveyor belt multiplication
Can you pick the multiplication answers from the conveyor belt?
Stun attackStun attack
Use your mouse to hit the frog with the correct answer to the problem shown. Hurry or they will hide again!
Amoeba multiplication gameMultiplication.com
Use these games to practice your times table skills.
Fun 4 the brainFun 4 the brain
Use these games to practice your multiplication skills.

Year 5

Multiplying by tens, hundreds and thousands to a decimal place

To times ten to a decimal number you move the number one space to the right to get the answer.

To times one hundred to a decimal number you move the number two spaces to the right to get the answer.

To times one thousand to a decimal number you move the number three spaces to the right to get the answer.

Learning times tables

Learning the times tables will help with multiplication sums. In Year 5 start by learning the 11 times tables and the 12. Visit our times tables page.

Multiplication games

BamzookiBamzooki
The BAMZOOKi Zooks from CBBC join Bitesize to play a Maths multiplication and division game.
Penguin JumpPenguin jump
Answer the multiplication questions right and be the first to reach the end.
Learn your tablesLearn your tables
Test your multiplication skills and see which tables you need to brush up on.
Amoeba multiplication gameMultiplication.com
Use these games to practice your times table skills.
Fun 4 the brainFun 4 the brain
Use these games to practice your multiplication skills.

Year 6

Grouping and regrouping

Brackets around numbers show which part of the sum should be done first.

(3 x 4) x 5 =

First work out the sum in the brackets.

3 x 4 = 12

Replace this in the sum where the brackets were.

12 x 5 = 60

Learning times tables

Learning the times tables will help with multiplication sums. In Year 6 review your times tables until you know them by heart. Visit our times tables page.

Multiplication games

Amoeba multiplication gameMultiplication.com
Use these games to practice your times table skills.
Fun 4 the brainFun 4 the brain
Use these games to practice your multiplication skills.
Fridge Magnet MultiplicationFridge Magnet Multiplication
Can you spot the answer in the fridge magnets?

 

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