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Multiplying is repeated addition. The sum 10 multiply by 4 can be written as:

10 x 4 = 40

It is also the same as:

10 + 10 + 10 + 10 = 40

To work out a multiplication sum first find the number you can count in.

10 x 3

Lets count in tens as this is the easiest. Now count in tens using three fingers on your hand. What have we got to?

Yes, the answer is 30.

10 x 3 = 30

You will hear words such as multiply or times. These both mean 'x'. The sums below all mean the same thing.

2 multiply by 4 equals 8

2 times by 4 equals 8

2 x 4 = 8

Learning the times tables will help with multiplication sums. In Year 1 start by learning the 10 times tables and the 5. Visit our times tables page.

Camel Times Tables

Test your Times Tables.

Test your Times Tables.

A multiplication sum can be done any way round.

3 x 2 will give the same answer as 2 x 3

You can either count in the 3 times table 2 times, or in the two times table 3 times.

A number line can be used in multiplication sums.

2 x 5 can be drawn on a number line in 5 jumps of 2.

Multiplying using a number line

Write out the multiplication sum from what you see on the number line.

Write out the multiplication sum from what you see on the number line.

Learning the times tables will help with multiplication sums. In Year 2 learn the 2 times tables and the 3. Visit our times tables page.

Camel Times Tables

Test your Times Tables.

Test your Times Tables.

Stun attack

Use your mouse to hit the frog with the correct answer to the problem shown. Hurry or they will hide again!

Use your mouse to hit the frog with the correct answer to the problem shown. Hurry or they will hide again!

Multiplication is a reverse of division. This means by rearranging the numbers around in the right way from a multiplication sum you can make a correct division sum.

3 x 4 = 12

If we move the three to the other side of the equals sign and add a ÷ sign we have:

4 = 12 ÷ 3

It works by moving the 4 instead.

3 = 12 ÷ 4

Missing Signs

Enter the correct operation to complete the sum.

Select**Missing Signs x ÷ ** when you start the game.

Enter the correct operation to complete the sum.

Select

Use these multiplication facts to help you work out other multiplication questions.

If you know that 4 x 5 = 20

Then 4 x 6 is 4 more = 24

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If you know that 2 x 4 = 8

Then 4 x 4 is double 8 = 16

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If you know that 10 x 3 = 30

Then 9 x 3 is 3 less = 27

Multiplication challenge

Use your multiplication facts that you know to work out these questions.

Use your multiplication facts that you know to work out these questions.

You can use a multiplication grid to find out the answers to the sums.

To work out what 6 x 4 is on the grid. Find 6 along the top and 4 down the side. Where the column and row meet is the answer.

Learning the times tables will help with multiplication sums. In Year 3 start by learning the 4 times tables, 6 and the 7. Visit our times tables page.

Cross the swamp

Help little Ron move from log to log by working out which operation to use and the correct number to complete the sum. This game uses Multiplication & Division.

Help little Ron move from log to log by working out which operation to use and the correct number to complete the sum. This game uses Multiplication & Division.

Bubble Times

Test your multiplication skills and see which tables you need to brush up on.

Test your multiplication skills and see which tables you need to brush up on.

To times by ten you add a '0' from the 10 to the number your are multiplying it by to get the answer.

5 x 10 = 50

To times by one hundred you add two '0' from the 100 to the number you are multiplying it by to get the answer.

3 x 100 = 300

To times by one thousand you add three '0' from the 1000 to the number you are multiplying it by to get the answer.

6 x 1000 = 6000

You can now work out any sum which is multiplied by 10, 100 or 1000.

56 x 100 = 5600

Here you just at two '0' from the 100 to 56 to get the correct answer.

To work out 45 x 5 break the 2-digit number up and multiply by them by the other number.

40 x 5 = 200

2 x 5 = 10

Add the answers together.

200 + 10 = 210

So

42 x 5 = 210

If you have a bigger numbers split them into a table to work out the answer. Try 52 x 13.

x | 50 | 2 |

10 | 500 | 20 |

3 | 150 | 6 |

Now add the columns together

x | 50 | 2 |

10 | 500 | 20 |

3 | 150 | 6 |

650 | 26 |

Now add up the two number in red.

650 + 26 = 676

So

52 x 13 = 676

The amoeba multiplication game

This game will help you practice multiplication by splitting numbers.

Select** Level A - Beginner**.

This game will help you practice multiplication by splitting numbers.

Select

Learning the times tables will help with multiplication sums. In Year 4 start by learning the 8 times tables and the 9. Visit our times tables page.

Conveyor belt multiplication

Can you pick the multiplication answers from the conveyor belt?

Can you pick the multiplication answers from the conveyor belt?

Stun attack

Use your mouse to hit the frog with the correct answer to the problem shown. Hurry or they will hide again!

Use your mouse to hit the frog with the correct answer to the problem shown. Hurry or they will hide again!

To times ten to a decimal number you move the number one space to the right to get the answer.

To times one hundred to a decimal number you move the number two spaces to the right to get the answer.

To times one thousand to a decimal number you move the number three spaces to the right to get the answer.

Learning the times tables will help with multiplication sums. In Year 5 start by learning the 11 times tables and the 12. Visit our times tables page.

Bamzooki

The BAMZOOKi Zooks from CBBC join Bitesize to play a Maths multiplication and division game.

The BAMZOOKi Zooks from CBBC join Bitesize to play a Maths multiplication and division game.

Penguin jump

Answer the multiplication questions right and be the first to reach the end.

Answer the multiplication questions right and be the first to reach the end.

Brackets around numbers show which part of the sum should be done first.

(3 x 4) x 5 =

First work out the sum in the brackets.

3 x 4 = 12

Replace this in the sum where the brackets were.

12 x 5 = 60

Learning the times tables will help with multiplication sums. In Year 6 review your times tables until you know them by heart. Visit our times tables page.

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